Port State jurisdiction & the protection of the marine environment
Worldwide shipping represents a great benefit for Humankind and can be understood as the historical propeller of economic globalization. Nonetheless, the contemporary developments in the shipping industry also represent major risks for the marine environment, which is a concern beyond the national interest of each State. As a port State, each member of the international community has the possibility to explore legal avenues of residual jurisdiction over foreign-flagged vessels and hence unilaterally improve the standard of global protection for the marine environment. By exploring the theory of functional jurisdiction in the law of the sea regime and the State practice on the protection and preservation of the marine environment, the UNIJURIS project inquires on the opportunities and the limits for unilateral port State jurisdiction over foreign-flagged shipping vessels.